Conflict,and the mass movement of people including asylum-seekers, migrants and indeed sometimes perpetrators of international crimes across borders, continue to reinforce the fundamental importance of international criminal law to domestic jurisdictions around the world. What are national justice agencies to do with an individual who has allegedly committed crimes in the context of conflict abroad, but who is not capable of being returned to their country of origin?
The importance of international criminal law relates not only to defining the nature and scope of international crimes, whether these are characterised as “core” crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, or transnational crimes including human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants. It also relates to the principles underpinning international cooperation in criminal justice matters, usually reflected in domestic legislation as well as bilateral and multilateral agreements. On the basis of these foundational principles, national authorities cooperate with one another for the purposes of investigating and prosecuting those responsible for such crimes.
The Specialisation Course for Junior Prosecutors on International Criminal Justice and International Cooperation in Criminal Matters is designed to highlight the most important synergies between international criminal law and the domestic prosecution of international crimes, including transnational crimes such as terrorism, human trafficking, the smuggling of migrants and cybercrime.
Over two weeks, the Specialisation Course prepares domestic prosecutors to work on cases involving core international crimes and transnational crimes, and also gives specialised training in international legal cooperation in criminal justice matters, aspects of which include mutual legal assistance, extradition, the transfer of prisoners, the transfer of criminal proceedings, execution of foreign sentences and recognition of foreign criminal judgments.
The Specialisation Course employs a wide variety of interactive, practice-oriented and experiential methods. These methods are designed to equip participants with the knowledge, analytical tools, practical skills and proven techniques required to develop effective investigation and prosecution strategies relevant to their areas of practice and/or interest.
In particular, participants will:
- develop their understanding of international criminal law and its relationship to other international legal regimes, including in particular international humanitarian law and international human rights law;
- develop a deeper understanding of international criminal law in the context of key transnational crimes and their prosecution at the domestic level;
- develop specialised knowledge and skills in respect of utilising legal tools to enhance international cooperation in the investigation and prosecution of international crimes;
- develop a more sophisticated understanding of the challenges to international legal cooperation, and tools to overcome these challenges, including in respect of information communication technology and digital evidence;
- gain an invaluable opportunity to interact with and learn from other criminal justice professionals and leading experts in their field: and
- build and strengthen informal networks with fellow prosecutors from around the world.